3 Types of Cannabis: Sativa, Indica, Ruderalis

Cannabis exists in 3 strains namely Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis Ruderalis. These breeds can either be pure breeds or hybrid varieties that have been developed for various purposes. The most commonly grown types are Cannabis Indica and Cannabis sativa. Cannabis Ruderalis is low on tetrahydrocannabinol and not grown for industrial purposes. Although it is widely accepted by the marijuana lovers that the Indica and Sativa strains are different, there is no documented scientific proof explaining the differences.

Cannabis Indica
The Cannabis Indica was first classified in the 1700s by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck a French biologist. He also named it cannabis Indica to differentiate it from the European hemp. The Indica is naturally grown in latitude above 30 degrees north in countries like Nepal, Lebanon, Afghanistan, and Morocco.

The Cannabis Indica is known to have a more relaxing effect than other types of cannabis. It is believed to originate from the Hindu region near Afghanistan. (http://wisetoast.com/types-of-marijuana-ad-effects/)

The various effects and characteristic vary with certain factors. Some of these factors include stage and flowering of the plant during its harvest time. The geography of the seeds may also vary in certain aspects. Smoking the Indica will give you a stoned feeling and is perfect for relaxing, treating Insomnia, alleviating pain and calming anxiety.

Unlike the Sativa, Indica plant is short and is stickier to the touch. This growth characteristic makes it perfect to grow indoors in a controlled environment.

Cannabis Sativa
This strain of marijuana is a favorite to the smokers and is the most commonly found. It can be naturally found in a latitude of below 30 degrees north in countries like India, Thailand, Mexico, Nigeria, and Colombia.

This type of Sativa has plant morphology of growing up to 20 feet high. The plant structure is mostly narrow with loose branches around. The flowering period of this strain is known to take longer. Due to their tall height, Sativa is mostly grown outdoors by marijuana growers. The plant leaves are long and dainty with a narrow leaf surface. Unlike the Indica, Sativa takes long to flower.

Cannabis Sativa is best known for its energizing effects. This strain uplifts cerebral effects that are well suited for physical activity. Its effects are ideal for either morning or afternoon use. Generally, smoking cannabis gets you high but not stoned. Smoking cannabis is attributed to enhanced creativity because of its high THC and CBN content. (http://www.ilovegrowingmarijuana.com/type-of-marijuana/)

This type of cannabis is used for Ayurvedic medicine. It is also used for alleviating symptoms of patients with depression, ADD, and exhaustion.

Cannabis Ruderalis
This is the least common species known around the world. The plant has a very short stature with the tallest reaching just 25 inches. It also has thick foliage just like the Indica strain. The plant grows very well in the northern regions.

One of the many reasons this type of marijuana is not so popular is because it is not highly psychotropic. The plant is mostly used for breeding purposes because of its fast growth rate and it is used to produce auto flowers.

There are many hybrid varieties of marijuana. These hybrids consist of both Indica and Sativa pure strains. The combinations can range from 30%-70% to even 80%-20% depending on uses and targeted consumers.


Cover Photo: Ross White

Editorial Staff

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